I recognize that the time for determining whether homosexuality is “incompatible” or “compatible” with Christian teaching has mostly passed by for United Methodists. What remains in February 2019 is an accounting of where people already are, and an adjustment (or not) of church law concerning such matters.
But I believe that there is still value in defending the progressive position from a theological perspective. I fear that progressive Methodists have largely conducted the conversation in terms of inclusion/exclusion, which largely misses the point when speaking with traditionalists. The UM Right doesn’t view this conflict as a matter of hospitality or in-or-out patterns; rather, they believe that affirming homosexuality is an affront to scriptural authority, and a blow against “traditional, orthodox Christianity.”
When progressives engage in debate which overlooks this crucial fact, we tend to lose ground in the very place where we need to hold tight.
Let’s be very honest here. Despite the laudable efforts of folks like Matthew Vines (author of “God and the Gay Christian”), who attempt to mitigate and re-interpret the so-called gay “clobber passages,” the Bible is clear about homosexuality — it’s against it! Both Hebrew Scripture and the New Testament contain texts which simply and forcefully condemn homosexual practice. Jesus doesn’t say anything about it, but that’s really beside the point to a traditionalist Christian, because all of Scripture is believed to be the inspired Word of God! If Paul’s letters are inspired revelation, then it stands with equal authority alongside the words of Jesus.
The mouthpiece of the UM RIght, the Wesleyan Covenant Association, released this statement on the Bible, which can be found on their website:
Statement on Biblical Authority
Given the current challenges directed to the unique place of the Bible in the church, we affirm that the core of the Christian faith is revealed in Scripture as “the faith that was once for all entrusted to the saints” (Jude 3; NRSV). We look to the Bible therefore as our authority and trustworthy guide, which “is useful for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16; NRSV). Illuminated by tradition, reason, and experience, the revelation of Scripture is the church’s primary and final authority on all matters of faith and practice.
On a cursory first reading, there is nothing in this statement that is particularly troublesome. I have no great problem with anything said here, though I think it’s ironic that II Timothy 3:16 is quoted as being about itself (it’s not; it’s speaking about the Hebrew Scriptures, not its own canonical status which came several hundred years after it was written).
Progressive Christians would agree that “the core of the Christian faith is revealed in Scripture.” We agree that the Bible is “our authority and trustworthy guide.” It’s the last line of the statement which contains the seed of the conflict between traditionalists and progressives: “Illuminated by tradition, reason, and experience, the revelation of Scripture is the church’s primary and final authority on all matters of faith and practice.”
Progressives maintain there is a difference between the primary revelation of Scripture and everything contained in Scripture itself. The revelation of Scripture is that God was in Christ Jesus, reconciling the world; Jesus is the Word of God. Scripture, then, is a medium, a means of expression to communicate this life-changing good news to us.
To the extent that Scripture speaks of the God who was in Christ Jesus, then it is revelation. But when it doesn’t, and let’s be honest, it doesn’t always, then it can and should be laid aside. We should reject the stories of horror and terror which permeate the book of Judges and Ezra; we should turn away from Paul’s admonition that “women should be silent in our churches”; and we should jettison the idea that homosexuality is sinful and abhorrent.
Yes, I recognize that this kind of talk sounds dangerous and heretical, but it’s not. Progressives need to stand up and talk like this in public. We need to boldly proclaim that the Bible is not inerrant or infallible, specifically to reject and resist those who have turned Scripture into a rigid, authoritarian set of laws.
When Scripture is “illuminated by tradition, reason, and experience,” then we recognize that the Bible itself is the written record of thousand of years of experience. People who struggled to be faithful to the God they had come to know, struggled to write down their understanding of faith and practice. They came to their own conclusions, forged out of the anvil of historical process, but guided by the Spirit of God.
We now know so much more about the experience of LGBTQ persons that we can no longer cling to the limited understandings of first-century folks for insight into the wonder of the human body. This is not to claim that we are somehow morally superior than our ancestors, nor that we know more about God. But we do know more about the world, which can only be expected with the passage of time.
I don’t know why this is so threatening to traditionalist Christians. I don’t understand why the Bible has to be absolutely correct, without error, and completely authoritative. And I don’t know why this stance is deemed dangerous or heretical.
Scripture reveals something profound about God, about myself, about this creation. This revelation is the figure of Jesus Christ. I believe in this Jesus Christ, and I have committed myself to following him. What I believe about the Bible is, frankly, irrelevant.
Progressives need to speak out loudly on behalf of a Christianity that is not constrained by the cultural biases of the Bible’s authors. We must be honest about those places where Paul got it wrong; we have to acknowledge the Bible’s contradictions, its excesses, its blind spots. We cannot be afraid of “undermining” Scripture’s authority, because it’s not Scripture that is authoritative; only the God revealed in Jesus is authoritative.
And that God is remarkably full of grace.