I Love the Bible, But Sometimes It's Wrong

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I recognize that the time for determining whether homosexuality is “incompatible” or “compatible” with Christian teaching has mostly passed by for United Methodists. What remains in February 2019 is an accounting of where people already are, and an adjustment (or not) of church law concerning such matters.

But I believe that there is still value in defending the progressive position from a theological perspective. I fear that progressive Methodists have largely conducted the conversation in terms of inclusion/exclusion, which largely misses the point when speaking with traditionalists. The UM Right doesn’t view this conflict as a matter of hospitality or in-or-out patterns; rather, they believe that affirming homosexuality is an affront to scriptural authority, and a blow against “traditional, orthodox Christianity.” 

When progressives engage in debate which overlooks this crucial fact, we tend to lose ground in the very place where we need to hold tight. 

Let’s be very honest here. Despite the laudable efforts of folks like Matthew Vines (author of “God and the Gay Christian”), who attempt to mitigate and re-interpret the so-called gay “clobber passages,” the Bible is clear about homosexuality — it’s against it! Both Hebrew Scripture and the New Testament contain texts which simply and forcefully condemn homosexual practice. Jesus doesn’t say anything about it, but that’s really beside the point to a traditionalist Christian, because all of Scripture is believed to be the inspired Word of God! If Paul’s letters are inspired revelation, then it stands with equal authority alongside the words of Jesus.

The mouthpiece of the UM RIght, the Wesleyan Covenant Association, released this statement on the Bible, which can be found on their website:

Statement on Biblical Authority

Given the current challenges directed to the unique place of the Bible in the church, we affirm that the core of the Christian faith is revealed in Scripture as “the faith that was once for all entrusted to the saints” (Jude 3; NRSV). We look to the Bible therefore as our authority and trustworthy guide, which “is useful for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16; NRSV). Illuminated by tradition, reason, and experience, the revelation of Scripture is the church’s primary and final authority on all matters of faith and practice.


On a cursory first reading, there is nothing in this statement that is particularly troublesome. I have no great problem with anything said here, though I think it’s ironic that II Timothy 3:16 is quoted as being about itself (it’s not; it’s speaking about the Hebrew Scriptures, not its own canonical status which came several hundred years after it was written). 

Progressive Christians would agree that “the core of the Christian faith is revealed in Scripture.” We agree that the Bible is “our authority and trustworthy guide.” It’s the last line of the statement which contains the seed of the conflict between traditionalists and progressives: “Illuminated by tradition, reason, and experience, the revelation of Scripture is the church’s primary and final authority on all matters of faith and practice.”

Progressives maintain there is a difference between the primary revelation of Scripture and everything contained in Scripture itself. The revelation of Scripture is that God was in Christ Jesus, reconciling the world; Jesus is the Word of God. Scripture, then, is a medium, a means of expression to communicate this life-changing good news to us. 

To the extent that Scripture speaks of the God who was in Christ Jesus, then it is revelation. But when it doesn’t, and let’s be honest, it doesn’t always, then it can and should be laid aside.  We should reject the stories of horror and terror which permeate the book of Judges and Ezra; we should turn away from Paul’s admonition that “women should be silent in our churches”; and we should jettison the idea that homosexuality is sinful and abhorrent.

Yes, I recognize that this kind of talk sounds dangerous and heretical, but it’s not. Progressives need to stand up and talk like this in public. We need to boldly proclaim that the Bible is not inerrant or infallible, specifically to reject and resist those who have turned Scripture into a rigid, authoritarian set of laws.

When Scripture is “illuminated by tradition, reason, and experience,” then we recognize that the Bible itself is the written record of thousand of years of experience. People who struggled to be faithful to the God they had come to know, struggled to write down their understanding of faith and practice. They came to their own conclusions, forged out of the anvil of historical process, but guided by the Spirit of God.

We now know so much more about the experience of LGBTQ persons that we can no longer cling to the limited understandings of first-century folks for insight into the wonder of the human body. This is not to claim that we are somehow morally superior than our ancestors, nor that we know more about God. But we do know more about the world, which can only be expected with the passage of time.

I don’t know why this is so threatening to traditionalist Christians. I don’t understand why the Bible has to be absolutely correct, without error, and completely authoritative. And I don’t know why this stance is deemed dangerous or heretical.

Scripture reveals something profound about God, about myself, about this creation. This revelation is the figure of Jesus Christ. I believe in this Jesus Christ, and I have committed myself to following him. What I believe about the Bible is, frankly, irrelevant.

Progressives need to speak out loudly on behalf of a Christianity that is not constrained by the cultural biases of the Bible’s authors. We must be honest about those places where Paul got it wrong; we have to acknowledge the Bible’s contradictions, its excesses, its blind spots. We cannot be afraid of “undermining” Scripture’s authority, because it’s not Scripture that is authoritative; only the God revealed in Jesus is authoritative.

And that God is remarkably full of grace.

A New Society of Methodists?

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Two years ago, after returning home from the General Conference in Portland, I sat down and typed out a hastily-conceived plan of action for progressive United Methodist clergy and churches. 

I shared it with only one person, got no response, and then left it in a folder on my laptop.

I opened the file again yesterday, and re-read it. I will share part of it here, because I think it’s still a possible course of action for those of us who will be forced out of the post-February 2019 United Methodist Church. 

This plan makes one major assumption — that progressive churches will be granted a gracious and lenient exit. I mean that they must be able to leave the denomination with their property and assets intact with, at most, only a minimal financial penalty. If that happens, then my plan still could work.

I called my document, “A New Society of Methodists: A Covenant for the Future.” I’d like to argue that the Wesleyan Covenant Association stole my use of the word “covenant,” so that I could potentially sue them, but that would be dishonest! I have always liked the word “covenant,” because it’s Biblical and it implies a mutual commitment to a shared ideal.

In the introduction of my document, I wrote the following: “Since a church split seems inevitable, it would be foolish to delay thinking about the outcomes. It behooves like-minded progressive clergy and faith communities to begin to self-identify and organize for a fruitful and faithful future now, rather than wait any longer for the “powers-that-be” to make those decisions for us.”

Well, I delayed thinking about outcomes for two years. I’m one of those people who allowed the can to be kicked down the road and figured that I would deal with it later. 

Guess what? Later is now!

Here was my proposal:

Those clergy and communities who consider themselves Wesleyan and are also open to progressive understandings of Scripture and theology are invited to align themselves with each other by means of signing a covenant and becoming part of a New Society of Methodists (NSM). This covenant may or may not be used as a foundational document for a future church. 

This covenant would:

  • be a brief and concise document in which a free association of faith communities and clergy would agree to be in a networked relationship with each other;

  • be written by a small representative body of interested parties;

  • place authority in local faith communities rather than a hierarchical and bureaucratic structure;

  • be sufficiently broad as to allow great diversity in theology and practice, yet sufficiently specific to mark signatories as Wesleyan;

  • be re-confirmed on a yearly basis at a covenant service in which signatories gather for a short “Annual Conference”;

  • and allow each covenanted clergy person and community the freedom to cooperate and participate freely with other church bodies.

This covenant would not be a legally binding document, but instead a spiritual and theological manifesto of mutually dependent relationship and a common vision of a way forward. It would say nothing about property rights, building ownership, pensions, or salaries. Instead, the covenant would identify those communities and clergy who would be willing to work together in the event that the UMC ceased to exist as presently constituted.

I included a first draft of a possible Covenant to be used by the New Society of Methodists:


THE NEW SOCIETY OF METHODISTS

PREAMBLE

We, the undersigned, are the heirs of John Wesley’s powerful contribution to Christian discipleship. We are convinced that God is not finished with the Methodist stream of Christian faithfulness, yet also are persuaded that the current expressions of structured Methodism have reached the end of their usefulness.

In advance of future structures and organization, we affirm our commitment to one another as Wesley’s heirs in both content and form. As to content, Wesley preached a practical divinity, which can be described as a journey of faith, or “way of salvation,” beginning in prevenient grace, coming to new birth in justifying grace, and continuing on as the pursuit of holiness in sanctifying grace. As to form, Wesley created multiple levels of discipling bodies, including societies, classes, and bands, in which all people were invited to continue their walk of discipleship.


TENETS

  1. We affirm John Wesley’s understanding of grace and commit to teaching and practicing the implications of prevenient, justifying, and sanctifying grace, as well as the means of grace.

  2. We affirm that we live in pursuit of Christian perfection, with “faith working in love,” which means that we teach and practice acts of piety, mercy, and justice.

  3. We affirm the practicality of Wesley’s discipleship model, which includes societies, classes, and bands, as fundamental to growth in grace.

  4. We affirm that our Communion Table will be open, not restricted to anyone for any reason.

  5. We affirm that all people may participate in all aspects of community life and ministry, irrespective of race, gender, ethnicity, mental or physical ability, national origin, culture, tradition, sexual orientation or gender identity.

  6. We believe that the local faith community is the base unit of organization, in which should reside authority to decide how the community should organize itself and plan for local ministry.

  7. We believe that the Scriptures are an open, living document in which God speaks to us. Scripture is not inerrant, and cannot and should not be read literally and woodenly, as if it had only one correct meaning, but instead should be opened with care, studied with as many tools as can be used, and read not in isolation, but in community.


COVENANT:

  1. We will pray for the members of this covenant by name on a regular basis.

  2. Where practical and possible, we will provide material and spiritual support for each other’s ministries and needs.

  3. We will attempt to match covenant clergy with covenant communities for ministry employment.

  4. We commit to participating in an Annual Conference of covenanting New Methodist clergy and communities, for the purpose of renewing our covenant together.

  5. As individuals, we commit to participating in a weekly discipleship meeting, in which our goal is to grow in grace.


Of course, there are lots of things that this plan fails to address. In essence, what it proposes is a free association of progressive Wesleyan churches without an episcopacy or itinerancy. The connectional ideal is maintained by the covenant.

And yes, this explicitly takes the form of a congregational polity. But what else can there be in a post-February 2019 world? Does anyone really want to spend time re-creating the administrative structure of 20th-century United Methodism?

Now is the very time when we should be imagining and creating a better future. Perhaps a free association of churches can be more flexible and adaptable to the mission field, not to mention less financially restrained. Maybe we don’t need bishops and district superintendents in the next iteration of Methodism. 

What do you think? Is there anything here that is usable post-February 2019?

More Thoughts and Prayers? Hell Yeah!

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Let’s revisit the #ThoughtsandPrayers meme that has been circulating on social media recently.

Yes, it’s incredibly frustrating to hear politicians offer nothing but “thoughts and prayers” every time a mass shooting occurs. Because it’s shorthand for “I’m sorry for your loss, but I’m not going to do anything about gun legislation.”

And yes, it’s infuriating when the NRA offers nothing but “thoughts and prayers” and then shifts the blame for a shooting to something other than the fact that assault-style guns are easily available.

If #ThoughtsandPrayers is nothing but a weak and anemic response to a culture of gun violence, then I am also not a fan; we all want real action. If the Parkland, Florida shooting has done nothing else, it’s sparked an immense backlash against the NRA and the politicians who are in their pocket. It’s possible that real action will result, thanks to the teens of Parkland and the rest of America.

But let’s not throw prayer under the bus. I fear that the act of praying has been unfairly caricatured as a measly response to tragedy and injustice. Prayer is too often seen as something done after the fact and after the accident; it’s viewed as something you do for the patient, the victim, the one who is suffering. We think of God as the cosmic 9-1-1 operator: “Send help, please!” Or God is the Great Hospital Chaplain in the Sky: “Don’t let my friend die!”

Don’t get me wrong; prayer can be a source of great comfort and help in time of distress. The Psalmist often cried out to God in moments of terror, pleading for his life.

But that’s not the only function or purpose of prayer, people! Prayer can be a revolutionary, counter-cultural act of resistance to the powers that be! Prayer can -- and should -- be a rousing call to action in the name of the God of justice! I just don’t think we know how to do it right … at least not yet.

The baptismal vows of the United Methodist Church include the promise to “renounce the spiritual forces of wickedness, reject the evil powers of this world … accept the freedom and power God gives you to resist evil, injustice, and oppression in whatever forms they present themselves.” How do we go about doing that sort of thing? Well, it starts with prayer — I’m convinced of that.

Not a namby-pamby sort of prayer, not the kind of stuff we typically do in a church sanctuary, not merely repeating the Lord’s Prayer or Hail Mary. No, there’s a kind of prayer that is stronger and more durable than this. It’s prayer that might more accurately be called “spiritual warfare” though I shy away from this term because of its connections to a brand of Christianity that I resist.

What I’m saying is that a proper Christian response to the evil of gun violence in America would include a healthy dose of aggressive, passionate, forceful prayer.

I’m reminded of the time Jesus came down from the mountain after being transfigured in front of Peter, James, and John. Upon reaching the rest of the disciples, he discovered that they had been unsuccessfully trying to cast a demon out of a young boy. The father complained to Jesus: “I spoke to your disciples to see if they could throw it out, but they couldn’t.”

After expressing a bit of frustration with his so-called followers, Jesus healed the boy. Then his disciples asked, “Why couldn’t we cast it out?”

Jesus replied, “Throwing this kind of spirit out requires prayer” (Mark 9:14-29, Common English Bible). (A number of early manuscripts also included “and fasting” to the end of the verse.)

The point is that there are some things that we are asked to do that require something stronger than wishes, thoughts, and actions — they need prayer. Prayer is a forceful appeal to God that the will of God be done; in so far as we know that God desires shalom for the world, then we know what God’s will is. We know that God does not desire that children be shot and killed by other children. We know that God does not want our country to be awash with guns so that one’s life is always in danger. We know that, in God’s eyes, every person’s life is full of value, worth, and dignity.

Thus, we can move out forcefully with prayer on our lips and in our feet and in our hands. Don’t forget that Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt with prayer in his mouth; that Elijah defeated the priests of Baal on the mountaintop with prayer in his mouth; that Jesus faced arrest in the garden of Gethsemane with prayer in his mouth; that the civil rights leaders of the 20th century in the American south led every march with prayers spoken and sung.

And it was prayer that brought down the Berlin Wall. The pastor of a small parish church in Leipzig, East Germany, named Christian Fuhrer, held weekly Monday evening prayer services, which he called “Prayers for Peace,” beginning in 1982. In 1985, he began advertising that the services were “Open To All.” The weekly services began to swell as a kind of protest against the oppressive regime.

By 1989, the government began to exert pressure against the church, Pastor Fuhrer, and the people who attended the prayers. On October 7, 1989, hundreds of people were arrested outside the church. The Communist Party announced that on Monday, October 9, people who gathered to pray would be countered “with whatever means necessary.”

On the evening of Oct. 9, over 8,000 people crowded into the church to pray, in defiance of the authorities. Other churches in Leipzig opened their doors to hold the overflowing crowds, which some estimated at 70,000. At the end of the service, Pastor Fuhrer opened the doors of the church and led the congregation outside to march through the streets, but fearful that the police and soldiers would open fire.

But they didn’t attack. Pastor Führer said later, “They had nothing to attack for. East German officials would later say they were ready for anything, except for candles and prayer.”

Exactly one month later, the Berlin Wall fell, and the fearsome divide between East and West was finished.

Here’s the lesson of that story — the powers-that-be really are ready for anything, except candles and prayer. They are ready for riots and violence and clubs and guns. They are ready for bloodshed and broken bones. But they absolutely tremble before people who are so radical as to require nothing but a candle and a prayer for peace.

I think we need more of THAT kind of prayer. Who’s with me?